Descriptions of new species of fishes collected in Texas, New Mexico and Sonora, by Mr John H Clark, on the US and Mexican Boundary Survey, and in Texas by Capt Stewart Van Vliet, USA. Gonzales M; Moran E, 2005. Eggs hatched in 26 hours at a temperature of 29°C, in 30 hours at 27°C and in 60 hours at 24°C. H. cyanoguttatus is a moderately popular ornamental fish species maintained by hobbyists worldwide. H. cyanoguttatus is used by San Antonio River Authority biologists as an indicator of unbalanced or stressed ecosystems as it is pollution tolerant (Gonzales and Moran, 2005). Introduced populations of H. cyanoguttatus occur in estuarine environments in the New Orleans area (Lake Pontchartrain) of Louisiana. Robertson MS; Winemiller KO, 2003. Survival and abundance of introduced fishes near San Antonio, Texas. H. cyanoguttatus is native to the Atlantic Coast of Texas, USA (lower Rio Grande and Nueces drainages) and south to northeastern Mexico (Hubbs et al., 1978; Page and Burr, 1991; Froese and Pauly, 2015). No longer present, Recorded in Roger's Spring near Lake Mead, Clark County. A large number are also established in an isolated population in Port Sulphur, Plaquemines Parish, 50 miles southeast of New Orleans (OT Lorenz, Georgia Southwestern State University, USA, personal communication, 2015). Comment by 10.5" RES Sharon on January 22, 2011 at 9:05am FishBase. Herichthys cyanoguttatus Texas Cichlid. Lighter colored specimens usually exhibit four to six dark vertical bars or blotches (1st blotch most prominent; Page and Burr 1991, Texas Parks and Wildlife 2019). Illinois, USA: The University of Chicago Press. The diploid/haploid chromosome numbers of H. cyanoguttatus are 48-48/24 (Froese and Pauly, 2015). 3. Darnell RM, 1962. Adults are dusky to olive above with 4-6 dark blotches (1st blotch most prominent) along the rear half of the body and a black blotch on caudal fin base. They are also leaner in size. Common Names: Texas cichlid, Rio Grande cichlid, pearl cichlid, Rio Grande perch Type Locality: Brownsville, Texas Range: Lower Rio Grande drainage in Texas, south into northwestern Mexico. Field observations of parental behavior of the Texas cichlid Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum. Fishers get chance to combat invasive species at New Orleans City Park fishing rodeo Saturday. Lorenz OT; Schofield PJ; O'Connell MT, 2011. Texas Journal of Science, 30(4):369-376. In Australia, the species is only known as the Texas cichlid. by Malabarba LR, Reis RE, Vari RP, Lucena ZM, Lucena CAS]. Not as good as a bluegill or redear, thats for sure. Breeding males have a prominent nuchal hump (Page and Burr, 1991), and males are typically larger than females (Itzkowitz and Nyby, 1982). Lorenz (2008) confirmed that H. cyanoguttatus will occur in elevated salinities in estuarine conditions in Lake Pontchartrain in New Orleans. The genus was originally described as cichlids “with a compressed body, sub-elliptical outline, with small sub-conical teeth” (Baird and Girard, 1854). Like cichlids from the genus Pterophyllum (angelfish), all Symphysodon species have a laterally compressed body shape. http://blog.nola.com/new_orleans/2012/03/fishers_get_chance_to_combat_i.html. Both Courtenay et al. Cichlids exhibit a wide range of body shapes. Florida, USA: US Geological Survey. Report Submitted to National Fishery Research Laboratory, U.S. Lorenz (2008) reported that salinities up to 16 ppt had no significant effect on the growth of H. cyanoguttatus. No longer present; First reported: mid 1980s, Collected from bayous and canals in the New Orleans metropolitan area as well as isolated specimens in other areas; First reported: 1990s, Found in a reservoir south of Lincoln in the Salt River drainage. Lee DS; Gilbert CR; Hocutt CH; Jenkins RE; McAllister DE; Stauffer JRJr, 1980. Nematodes of freshwater fishes of the Neotropical Region, 464 pp. The Texas Cichlid, also known as the Rio Grande Perch, and the Rio Grande Cichlid, is an iridescent golden color with pearl highlights and white dots on its body and fins. This current revision, which includes H. cyanoguttatus, is considered monophyletic (Hulsey et al., 2004). Fontaine PA, 1938. Rio Grande Cichlid Also known as the Texas cichlid, this freshwater species is the only cichlid native to the United States. Rio Grande cichlid, Texas cichlid. Despite being known for its violent temper it attracts a lot of admirers, mainly because of its bright colors. Etymology/Derivation of Scientific Name. The most common form is ovate and somewhat laterally compressed, but some species are strongly compressed or cylindrical and elongated. For example, the name 'blue Texas cichlid' may describe H. cyanoguttatus or the closely-related species Herichthys carpintis or Herichthys labridens (Berg, 2010). Pair formation occurs before territory establishment and pairs will actively defend their territory to defend the eggs and fry. San Antonio River Authority biologists in Texas have observed that H. cyanoguttatus will displace native Centrarchidae in stressed habitats and dominate the ecosystem (Gonzales and Moran, 2005). The genus Herichthys has undergone considerable taxonomic revision. No longer present, Native to the lower Rio Grande drainage; introduced to many other areas of Texas, Introduced to the Rio Verde basin (La Media Luna region), Recorded from the Loíza Reservoir in 2006-2007, Native Texas specimens officially translocated and introduced to other drainages in Texas as early as 1928. Fishes of the Central United States. The Tetra encyclopedia of freshwater tropical aquarium fishes. Wallingford, UK: CABI. There are numerous small white to blue spots on blue-green or grey sides. San Antonio River Authority, 68 pp. The internationally preferred common name of H. cyanoguttatus is the Rio Grande cichlid, though the species is commonly referred to in aquarium literature as the Texas cichlid (e.g. These authors concluded that these behaviours may suggest a mechanism for the continued range expansion of H. cyanoguttatus in Louisiana, USA. Draud M; Macias-Ordonez R; Verga J; Itzkowitz M, 2004. Nico L; Fuller P; Neilson M, 2015. In: Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America, [ed. Blue Tilapia (Oreochromis aureus) now dominates Six Mile Creek near Tampa (OT Lorenz, Georgia Southwestern State University, USA, personal communication, 2015); First reported: 1940s, Recorded in heated power plant effluents in Powerton Lake near Pekin (Illinois River drainage), Tazewell County, after having been released accidentally. CABI is a registered EU trademark. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Because sample sizes were very small for females, frequency comparison between sexes was not performed. Taxonomic Troubles: A "Chiclasoma" orphan, but valid now as Herichthys, for which it is the type species. H. cyanoguttatus is captured by recreational anglers and the species is considered very palatable (Mardon, 2012; Texas Parks and Wildlife, 2015). Hunting, angling, sport or racing (pathway cause), http://www.tfhmagazine.com/freshwater/feature-articles/the-texas-cichlid-herichthys-cyanoguttatus.htm, http://blog.nola.com/new_orleans/2012/03/fishers_get_chance_to_combat_i.html, http://www.seriouslyfish.com/species/herichthys-cyanoguttatus/, http://tpwd.texas.gov/huntwild/wild/species/cichlid/, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Establishment and post-hurricane survival of the non-native Rio Grande Cichlid (Herichthys cyanoguttatus) in the Greater New Orleans Metropolitan Area. Courtenay WR Jr; Sahlman HF; Miley WM, 1974. Lorenz OT, 2008. USA: TFH Publications Inc. Courtenay WR Jr; Deacon JE, 1983. Birkhead WS, 1980. http://www.tfhmagazine.com/freshwater/feature-articles/the-texas-cichlid-herichthys-cyanoguttatus.htm. Cichlids are superficially similar to North American native sunfishes (Lepomis spp.) Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum (Baird and Girard) Rio Grand Perch. Berg W, 2010. (1974) and the personal observations of Lorenz (2008) support the proposition that H. cyanoguttatus competes with L. macrochirus for breeding sites in Florida and Louisiana, respectively. The size of individuals varies by species and ranges from about one inch (2.5 cm) to three feet (1 m). Froese R, Pauly D, 2015. The temperature tolerance of H. cyanoguttatus goes below 7°C in outdoor artificial ponds and it can be active at 10°C (Lorenz, unpublished data). Revue francaise des Cichlidophiles, 11(101):4-13. Hendrickson DA; Cohen AE, 2012. H. cyanoguttatus is one of the most cold-tolerant cichlids. Within the ornamental fish industry, strains of H. cyanoguttatus are available that include the blue Texas cichlid, green Texas cichlid and red Texas cichlid (Berg, 2010). Temperatures for 14 non-native fishes in the performance of parental behavior of the South American Cichlidae ( Teleostei Cichlidae... 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